Takeoff and landing

Objective

The student will gain a familiarity with the procedures used during takeoff and landing phases of flight, as well as a knowledge of proper wind correction techniques. An understanding of runway incursions and how to avoid them should also be developed.

Elements

  • Runway incursion avoidance
  • Normal takeoff
  • Normal landing
  • Crosswind takeoff
  • Crosswind landing

Schedule

Introduction 05
Main body 25
Application 05
Conclusion 05
Total 40 minutes

Equipment

  • model aircraft
  • whiteboard and markers
  • Airplane Flying Handbook
  • UND standardization manual

Instructor actions

Explain and demonstrate the proper techniques, using whiteboard and model aircraft. The discussion will be guided, and based on the student’s reading assignment, to ensure the student’s level of understanding is at an appropriate level.

Student Actions

The student should have read the Airplane Flying Handbook and Pilot’s Handbook chapters on the topic, and participate in the guided discussion by answering questions and explaining their actions in the situations posed.

Completion standards

The lesson will be complete when the student has an understanding of normal and crosswind procedures, and can explain them. The student will also be able to explain the proper technique to use for given scenarios.

Teaching outline

  • before-takeoff actions
    • runup and checklists complete
    • takeoff direction: into the wind. why?
    • visually clear base and final
    • tower clearance or CTAF position / intentions announcement
  • wake turbulence considerations
  • runway incursion avoidance
Normal takeoff
  • takeoff roll
    • align with runway!
    • release brakes and smoothly apply power
    • add rudder along with throttle to counteract turning tendencies
  • rotation / liftoff
  • initial climb
  • Runway incursion avoidance
    • controlled airports
    • uncontrolled airports
    • position reporting
  • Normal takeoff
    • theory
    • performance
    • control inputs required
    • checklist usage
  • Normal landing
    • theory
    • performance
    • control inputs required
    • checklist usage
  • Crosswind takeoff
    • wind correction technique
    • control inputs required
    • maintaining extended centerline
  • Crosswind landing
    • wind correction technique
    • control inputs required
    • proper rollout technique

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